Monday, February 16, 2015

Peace mapping


Image above: The Global Peace Index map

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Adelaide, Australia: S: 34º 55' E: 138º 36'

 Using maps to analyse peace

After the Lindt Cafe siege in Sydney and terror attacks in Paris and Denmark, acts of terror continue to be at the centre of much of our news in 2015. The Vision of Humanity mapping initiative helps us to get an understanding of the relative danger of such attacks across the world. 

The Vision of Humanity site also provides maps showing a Global Peace Index, as well as peace information specifically for the United States, Mexico and the United Kingdom. Click here to watch a brief video on the Peace Index Project.

 Vision of Humanity is a strong proponent of the need to further study, advocate and act on peace. The website focusses on the major issues facing the 21st century and aims to  bring a balanced approach with factual information that is positive and solution based.

As seen above, the site provides a huge amount of information on countries,  in terms of peace indicators such as violent crime, homicide, military expenditure etc. Just click on the "Specify Indicator" button. The site also enables you to see the change in peace status between 2009-2014 by using the date slider below the map. It is worth spending some time navigating around this amazingly rich site to see what it offers your political/social geography studies.

 Some information gleaned from analysing the Terrorism Index map

"Of the 17,958 people who died in terrorist attacks in 2013, 82 percent were in one of five countries: Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria, and Syria. That's one finding from this year's Global Terrorism Index report, published by the Institute for Economics and Peace. The report is based on data from the University of Maryland's Global Terrorism Database, which has information on more than 125,000 terrorist attacks between 1970 and 2013.
The report found a 61-percent jump in terrorism fatalities between 2012 and 2013. "Over the same period," the authors wrote, "the number of countries that experienced more than 50 [terrorism-related] deaths rose from 15 to 24"—an indication that the problem of terrorism was getting both more fatal and more widespread a year before ISIS declared a new caliphate. But it's also striking where terrorism didn't occur. Much of the increase in terrorism-related fatalities in 2013 took place in Iraq, where terrorists claimed nearly 4,000 lives—a 168-percent increase over 2012. Worldwide, Iraq was the worst-affected country, accounting for 34 percent of terrorism-related fatalities in 2013, with Afghanistan ranked next with 17.3 percent. Meanwhile, between 2000 and 2013, the report found, around 5 percent of terrorism-related fatalities occurred in the 34 wealthy countries of the OECD. In 2013 specifically, there were 113 terrorism-related deaths in OECD countries—0.6 percent of the worldwide total. Six of these took place in the United States."

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